Lexicalization Typology and Event Structure Templates
― Toward Isomorphic Mapping between Macro-event and Syntactic Structures ―
2015 / 3 / 19
Price (in Japan only)：
6,000 yen (Tax Not Included) (256 pages)
In the literature on language typology, it has long been noted that languages can be classified as satellite-framed or verb-framed in terms of how motion macro-events are lexicalized. However, some alternatives to this either-or categorization have recently suggested. In particular, one radical alternative is to argue that we should do away with the bipartite classification altogether. Then where should we stand on this issue? This book points out that the two lexicalization patterns are not symmetrical and do not constitute a binary opposition, and proposes a substitute that can explain the mechanism underlying the asymmetry. More specifically, it is argued that satellite-framed lexicalization is a highly irregular manner of encoding motion events, which is made possible by an add-on to the regular isomorphic mapping system used for verb-framed lexicalization. In order to buttress the argument, event structure templates used in lexical semantics are introduced, and they are related to the configuration of macro-events. Furthermore, the add-on that makes possible satellite-framed lexicalization is shown to be equivalent to the process of event coidentification, which is independently proposed in lexical semantics to explain the semantic characteristics of a manner of motion verb followed by a goal prepositional phrase. In so doing, this book explores a theoretically and empirically more adequate theory of motion typology.
TAKANORI DEMIZU is Associate Professor in the Faculty of Humanities and Sciences at Kobe Gakuin University. His research interests include lexical semantics and cognitive linguistics.